Disability and the law
You’re disabled under the Equality Act 2010 if you have a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities.
What does ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ mean?
· ‘substantial’ is more than minor or trivial – e.g. it takes much longer than it usually would to complete a daily task like getting dressed
· ‘long-term’ means if it lasts, or is likely to last, 12 months more
What does normal daily activities or day-to-day activity mean?
‘Normal day-to-day activity’ is defined as something you do regularly in a normal day e.g. using a computer, working set times or interacting with people.
A progressive condition is a condition that gets worse over time. People with progressive conditions can be classed as disabled. However, you automatically meet the disability definition under the Equality Act 2010 from the day you’re diagnosed with HIV infection, cancer or multiple sclerosis.
When a mental health condition becomes a disability
If a mental health condition has a long-term effect on your normal day-to-day activity, it is considered a disability under the Equality Act 2010.
What isn’t counted as a disability
Some conditions aren’t covered by the disability definition. These include:
- addiction to non–prescribed drugs or alcohol
- addiction to nicotine
- conditions which are seasonal i.e. hayfever
tendency to set fires
tendency to steal
tendency to physical or sexual abuse of other persons
Disability useful contacts and links
Disability Network is dedicated to promoting equality for disabled people in the UK.
United Kingdom Disabled People's Council the national umbrella organisation of disabled people, run and controlled by, and representing the voices of disabled people in the UK.
Scope UK working to ensure that disabled people and their families can have the same opportunities as everyone else.
Shaw Trust is a learning disability organisation with links to other national and local disability organisations.
Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). The EHRC champions equality and human rights for all, working to eliminate discrimination, reduce inequality, protect human rights and to build good relations, ensuring that everyone has a fair chance to participate in society.
DirectGov Disability site provides services and information for disabled people, including employment, financial support, rights, education, independent living, housing, health and leisure
Disability Rights UK works to create a society where everyone with lived experience of disability or health conditions can participate equally as full citizens.
Action Deafness provides comprehensive range of services to deaf and hard of hearing people in Leicester and Leicestershire.
Action for Advocacy website list independent advocacy information and services to help people say what they want, secure their rights, represent their interests and obtain services they need.
Action for Blind People is a national charity with local reach, providing practical help and support to blind and partially sighted people of all ages
Vistablind is a charity that is dedicated to improving the lives of people with sight loss in Leicester, Leicestershire and Rutland.
Mosaic a local Leicestershire based organisation whose mission is to deliver a range of information and services that disabled people want; services that promote inclusion, integration, independence, choice, empowerment, respect and dignity.
Connexions Leicestershire providing help for young people with learning difficulties or disabilities
Leicestershire Centre for Integrated Living is an organisation established by disabled people, for disabled people whose mission is to empower disabled people by promoting the benefits of disabled people, providing or encouraging the provision of services that facilitate independence for disabled people in daily living activities and in active participation and full integration into society.